The Center of Journalist Research of Chile (CIPER) in its multimedia reportage “The 83 occupied zones of Santiago”elaborated report cards of each one of these areas, collecting data on crime, schools, primary health services, commercial shops, and police infrastructure. Such work has been an important inspiration for this research, especially for the selection of cases. A particularly interesting information is a list of institutions that refuse to enter to each one of the 83 neighborhoods. CIPER defines this work as a representation of the State abandonment in which 700 thousands Chileans live, just in the Metropolitan Region of Santiago.
CIPER’s study was done in two steps, first in 2009 and then in 2012. During eight months, CIPER developed three types of work: a) collection of databases (e.g. crime), b) short interviews with technicians/unions that work in the field (e.g. retail delivery, ambulance drivers), and c) interviews to some residents. Thus, two types of poblaciones (poor settlements) were identified: (1) emblematic-political poblaciones, where there is some respect for the founding leaders, although a loss of identity is recognized, and (2) new zones of social housing, where no identity or order is recognized.
Link to the 2009 reportage (in Spanish): http://ciperchile.cl/multimedia/zonas-ocupadas-de-santiago/
Link to the 2012 reportage (in Spanish): http://ciperchile.cl/multimedia/zonas-ocupadas-de-santiago-2012/
CHILEVISIÓN: “Zonas Rojas” (RED ZONES)
On july 11th, the Chilean television channel Chilevisión (CHV) presented a chapter named “Zonas Rojas” (Red Zones) during the broadcasting of the show En La Mira (Under the Spotlight). The denomination of Red Zones has started to be used to designate areas of poverty concentration, institutional abandonment and high criminality. In the chapter, the realities of two segregated and stigmatized poblaciones (low income communities) of the country: Parinacota Población (Quilicura, Santiago) and La Negra Población (Alto Hospicio, Iquique). Link